Cape VerdeCentral African Republic
Sao Tome and Principe
Vaccination and Health Risks
Your doctor can give you important advice and prescribe vaccines and medications to help you stay safe while traveling abroad. The following are vaccinations and medications you and your physician may wish to consider before travel to Eritrea.
- To have the most benefit, see a doctor at least 4-6 weeks before your trip to allow time for your vaccines to take effect. If you are leaving sooner, it is still important to see a doctor as soon as possible for vaccines, medications and information about how to protect yourself from illness and injury while traveling.
- Your doctor will make specific recommendations, depending on your health and immunization history, areas of the country you will be visiting, planned activities and other factors. If your travel plans will take you to more than one country during a single trip, be sure to let your health-care provider know. Long-term travelers, such as those who plan to work or study abroad, may also need additional vaccinations as required by their employer or school.
- If you have a chronic medical condition, share your travel plans with any doctors who are currently treating you.
Vaccine or Disease
Vaccination or Treatment Recommendations
|Routine||Recommended if you are not up-to-date with routine shots such as, measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus (DPT) vaccine, poliovirus vaccine, etc.|
|Hepatitis A||Recommended because you can get hepatitis A through contaminated food or water in Eritrea, regardless of where you are eating or staying.|
|Hepatitis B||Recommended, especially for those who have sexual contact, contaminated needles, blood products, get a tattoo or piercing, or have any medical procedures.|
|Japanese Encephalitis||Not endemic|
|Malaria||Recommended: atovaquone/proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine. Drug resistance: Chloroquine. Areas of risk: All areas at altitudes below 2,200 m (7,218 ft). None in Asmara.|
|Meningococcal Meningitis||Recommended, Eritrea is part of the "meningitis belt" of sub-Saharan Africa. CDC recommends this vaccine if you plan to visit Eritrea during the dry season (December-June), when the disease is most common.|
|Rabies||Recommended for travelers involved in outdoor and other activities (such as camping, hiking, biking, adventure travel, and caving) that put them at risk for animal bites, for people who will be working with or around animals (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, and researchers), for people who are taking long trips or moving to Eritrea, and for children, because they tend to play with animals, might not report bites, and are more likely to have animal bites on their head and neck.|
|Typhoid||Recommended, especially if you are staying with friends or relatives, visiting smaller cities or rural areas, or if you are an adventurous eater.|
|Yellow Fever||Proof of yellow fever vaccination required if traveling from a country with risk of yellow fever transmission including transit at least 12 hours in an airport located in a country with a risk of YFV transmission. Generally not recommended for travelers going to the following states: Anseba, Debub, Gash Barka, Mae Kel, and Semenawi Keih Bahri. Not recommended for all areas not listed above, including the Dahlak Archipelago.|
This document is not a complete medical guide for travelers to this region. Conditions change over time and the recommendations for various countries at the time you travel may differ from the recommendations listed here. Consult with your doctor or visit the CDC website for specific information related to your needs and your medical history; recommendations may differ for pregnant women, young children, and persons who have chronic medical conditions.
Be sure to read the information about all the regions you are planning to visit.